Individuals experiencing vertigo – a sensation or perception that the room is spinning – can be successfully treated through a structured vestibular
rehabilitation therapy (VRT) program, tailored to the signs and symptoms of each patient. Common complaints include dizziness, changes in vision, loss of balance, and difficulty focusing on objects.
Vertigo stems from a variety of different dysfunctions either within the periphery of the inner ear or centrally within the brain. Patients participate in a formal VRT evaluation to determine the cause of their symptoms and to develop the mostappropriate treatment regimen to address these impairments and complaints.
Treatment consists of positional maneuvers, adaptation exercises to improve vision and focus, substitution exercises to compensate for loss, and postural/ balance exercises.
Treatment goals established with the patient during the initial evaluation can include decreased vertigo, improved visual focus, improved balance, and return to prior activities/work.
Common diagnoses treated through outpatient VRT:
- Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)
- Unilateral/bilateral vestibular hypofunction
- Vestibular labyrinthitis/neuronitis
- Vestibular ototoxicity
- Acoustic neuroma (tumor)
- Cerebellar ataxia